Ava Jeva / Caquetá

conservation international
Deforestation Causes

Approximately the size of Ireland, Caquetá is one of the southernmost departments of Colombia and is the gateway of the country's Andean Region to the Amazon. In the last years Caquetá's rainforest has been experiencing the country's highest rate of deforestation, having lost more than 2,000 km2 of its rainforest between 2002 and 2007.

Amazon Rainforest Deforestation

Approximately the size of Ireland, Caquetá is one of the southernmost departments of Colombia and is the gateway of the country's Andean Region to the Amazon. In the last years Caquetá's rainforest has been experiencing the country's highest rate of deforestation, having lost more than 2,000 km2 of its rainforest between 2002 and 2007.

Colombian Ecosystems

Caquetá posses four different socio-environmental biomes that are not uniformly impacted by human activities, with disruption ranging from serious to light. The piedemonte zone, while harbouring the biggest diversity of ecosystems and accounting for only 20% of the department surface suffer the most from human activities as it concentrates 90% of the population; the cordillera, accounts for 10% of the area and is mostly constituted of Forest Reserves; the altillanura Zone is composed of farmed gentle hills and flood plains whose outer limit defines the agricultural frontier and accounts for 20% of the total area; while the llanura oriental covers half of the department with native rainforest and is barely impacted by human activities due to its remoteness and extremely limited human population.

Oil industry

Furthermore, as security conditions have improved in recent years they have led to extensive exploration work by the oil industry. In all likelihood, this will lead to exploitation work, putting additional pressure on the department's rainforests.